What about mental and psychotics? Under which category they fall ?
They belong to the category of severe mental illness called schizophrenia. This disease is due to the dopamine imbalance in the brain. False firm belied (Delusion), hearing of voices in the absence of the stimulus (Auditory Hallucination), talking to self, laughing to self, withdrawn, not going for work, poor in self-care kills etc. are the symptoms of schizophrenia. If the disease is detected an intense therapy given at the earliest stage, then a better prognosis is achieved. They can be better persons again in society.
How long should be treatment for mental illness ? Do we develop dependency (addiction) to drugs ?
Duration of treatment depends upon the severity of the illness. Some persons may need treatments for 2 years. People with severe MI should get prolonged treatment. Sedating and developing an addiction are not the objectives of a psychiatrist. Treatment is focused on making the mentally ill person productive and happy.
Nowadays there is an increase in suicidal attempts in youth?
Yes. 15 out of a lakh people in India die of suicides. Suicidal thoughts and attempts occur only when there is poor impulse control. Frustration, failure in studies affairs, departments, marital disharmony, short temper, jealous and envy are the main reasons for suicidal attempts. Suicides and suicidal attempts are more common in depressives patients disorders. Whenever patients express about death and dying, they should be brought for treatment. Moreever Meditation, yoga and counseling are effective in this. Suicide is a preventable disease or illness. Whenever there is a crisis, contact 98424 22121, 80125 22123 (24 hours).
Students worry about their forgetting whatever they read! What could be the reason?
When they read something with less attention it won't get registered in their brain. And so they forget. Some students, even if they read adequately they fail to write in exams. These happen due to Anxiety. Some more people complain of head ache due to tension. Poor scholastic performance, bad habits, excessive anger, stubbornness, telling lies, misbehavior etc. among students may be the symptoms of depression and conduct disorder. These people will be benefited from counseling and treatment.
Some people worry too much. Some cry for silly reasons, get angry. Is this a mental illness?
These may be the symptoms of depression, sad mood, and chronic headache, body pain, chest pain, lethargy, loss of appetite, sleeplessness, lack of interest in family life, job and education, anger, guilt feeling, suicidal thoughts, inferiority complex difference of opinion between husband and wife etc. are the symptoms of depression. Counseling and treatment will definitely benefit them.
What is Anxiety Disorder?
Excessive fear, anxiety, palpitation, less concentration in work, poor memory, shyness, headache, chest pain, frightening, tremors and frequent loose stools, dreaming more are the symptoms of anxiety disorder. Sudden fear without any cause, giddiness, excessive sweating, dizziness, hyperventilation or breathing problem, palpitation, chest pain, fear of death, worries about becoming mad, unrealistic perception of one's are symptoms of Panic Disorder own body and surroundings (Depersonalizations and de-realization are symptoms of panic disorder). He will have the urgency to visit a doctor immediately. This condition would last for a few minutes but occur again and again. Their X-ray, ECG and scan reports may also be normal. Among these people, some may feel fearful to be alone and to be in a crowded place like bus (Agoraphobia). Psychiatric treatment may be beneficial to them. Irrelevant and uncontrollable repeating thoughts and actions even though they are purposeless and meaningless (like hand washing, cleaning, checking and bathing to sold goods, sexual thoughts over are the symptoms of obsessive compulsive disorder). If they try to divert his anxiety will become severe.
Stress! Whats it ?
In our daily life or day to day life as we face pleasure and pain may affect our mind. This reaction to the events is called stress. Death, competition, jealousy, debts, fights, love affair, marital disharmony, unemployment etc. can increase stress. Later this can lead to severe mental illness. Because of excess stress leads to psychosomatic illness like asthma, diabetes, hypertension, irritable bowl syndrome, So, peace and self satisfaction can lead to better mental health.
Can marriage cure the mental illness?
Certainly not. Chronic mentally ill, mentally retarded should not get married. Marriage can aggravated these conditions. But people with anxiety and depression can get married after the treatment and cure. In several situations, marriages occur by hiding the truth that either bride or groom is mentally ill. Later, knowing that, they suffer. Hiding the truth during alliance is a blunder.
Is that true that mental illness can be cured through exorcism and black magic in villages?
Certainly not. Because of these superstitions people are suffering without getting proper treatment. Instead of believing these superstition, approach for counseling immediately. Just decrease in insulin leads to diabetes, imbalance in neurotransmitters leads to mental illness.
Is that true only mentally ill people will visit psychiatrist ?
One should be appreciated if he visits a psychiatrist for counseling. They are not INSANE. Psychological problems are not stigmatizing issue to an individual. Anybody or anyone can suffer with psychiatry problems. Counseling is very helpful in finding solution for the psychological problem which leads to peace within, happiness in family and progress in life. We consult cardiologist for heart problem, surgeon for ache pain. Similarly, for mental problems can be treats by counselors and psychiatry.